Hand-knitted combination of ancient and modern

The ancient weaving art, along with the long course of human life, has gone from ancient times to modern times. In China, weaving is referred to as "the sky and the weft," and often uses an abstract long knot to symbolize "everlasting days" and carries people's thirst for life. Under the cultural background of different countries and regions, hand-knitting art has experienced the inheritance, blending and evolution from traditional culture to modern culture, presenting a thriving scene in the era of cultural interaction. In 2011, weaving elements swept again and became a symbol of fashion trends. International brands such as Gucci and Christian Dior invariably demonstrated simple and luxurious styles with more complicated hollow weaving designs. In response to this trend of concern, Ms. Ding Shuhua, vice president of the Tianjin Women's Hand Weaving Industry Association, interviewed this newspaper to introduce the historical evolution and development trend of hand-knitting.

History of hand-knitting From tools to handicrafts On the history of hand-knitting, Ms. Ding Shuhua stated that the period of hand-knitting was the period of primitive hand-spinning, which was roughly in the Stone Age. According to the "Easy Remarks (Part 2)" record, when in Fuxi's time, he "had a rope for the knot and a net for fishing." Among them, the net is a kind of net that catches fish and birds and beasts. It is undoubtedly a knot. At the time, the finished products were ropes, meshes, mats, pouches, and baskets. When entering the Shang Dynasty, hand weaving began to differentiate into some simple manual machines.

During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States period, the disputes among the nations, the hegemony of the princes, the leap of economy and culture, and the textile industry have made remarkable development. The story of Mrs. Tseng’s mother who took the lead and Meng Mu took off is still being chanted. On the basis of women's focus on textiles, textiles have developed rapidly and some advanced fabrics have appeared in textiles. The method of compilation has been continuously improved and more diverse. There are mainly twill weaving methods and coiling weaving methods. We can compose geometric patterns such as herringbone pattern, cross pattern and stripe pattern. These patterns and weaving methods are also commonly used in today's weaving process. In addition, plant weaving handicrafts are widely used in people's production and life, and bamboo weaving techniques have reached a considerable level during the Warring States period.

From the Qin and Han Dynasties to the Tang Dynasty was the heyday of hand-knitting in China. During the Qin and Han dynasties, Chinese silk, hemp, and wool textile technologies all reached a very high level. The weaving method is also more complicated, showing a higher weaving level at that time. New technology and new materials for plant weaving have also emerged, and regionally renowned producing areas have emerged, such as straw mat production areas, rattan production areas, willow production areas, and wheat straw fan production areas. Hand-made textile machines, such as brakes, spinning wheels and treadmills, have been widely used.

At the time of the Southern and Northern Song Dynasty, the government established the weaving production management department, Fujisawa and Takedo. In the Yuan Dynasty, the agronomist Wang Shuo wrote the book “Wang Yu Nong Shu” and made a lot of introductions to the plant weaving products at that time. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, many bureaucrats established various craft factories, craft bureaus, craftsrooms, and workshops, and taught various weaving techniques to promote large-scale development of weaving techniques. By the beginning of the 20th century, some grassy willow products companies with large production scales appeared and the products were sold well throughout the country. The weaving mats in Suzhou, China, the grass weaving series in northern Jiangsu, and the straw hats in eastern Zhejiang were well-known at the time.

Chinese knot cross-stitch heritage classic continuous innovation Ding believes that today's hand-woven can be roughly divided into hand hooks, hand-woven, hand-woven, hand-embroidered four categories. Chinese knots and cross stitches, as representatives of hand-made and hand-embroidery, have received more attention and love from the fashion industry and the vast number of hand-woven artists in recent years.

The Chinese knot began in ancient times, flourished in the Tang and Song dynasties, and flourished in the Ming and Qing dynasties. After thousands of years, whether it was worn casually or decorated in a family room, people enjoyed the beauty. As a knot with tight structure, looseness and beautiful appearance, Chinese knots are mostly made from top to bottom according to certain rules and techniques, and they are continuously and cyclically prepared by techniques such as shuttle, winding and braiding. Consistent, symmetrical, rich in Chinese traditional auspicious decorative items. Regardless of its shape, color or morality, it is in line with the unique aesthetic tastes of the Chinese nation.

Different from the Chinese knot, the cross stitch originated in Europe. It was originally popular in the court and was later introduced to the people. In the folk custom, it is called “picking flowers” ​​or “picking up and embroidering”. It is on a special embroidered cloth that uses the grid formed by the latitude and longitude to interweave lines of different colors in a crisscross pattern on the grid. According to the pattern embroidered a variety of vivid and vivid patterns. The cross-stitch embroidery method is very simple, does not require tensioners and complicated embroidering techniques. It takes only a little time and patience to complete a work with great sense of accomplishment. Therefore, it becomes one of the choices for people's leisure and entertainment. It is very popular nowadays. In addition, people can also choose their own favorite patterns according to their own interests and hobbies, and make mobile phone chains, key rings, curtains, sofa cushions, decorative paintings and so on.

The new trend of hand-knitting in the mix-and-match style When it comes to the development trend of hand-knitting, Ms. Ding said that as a traditional skill, hand-knitting is no longer a simple inheritance, but is more in combination with modern life and incorporates modern people. The interpretation of life, the addition of new ingenuity, the decorative meaning is also more and more concentrated. Many costume designs will be composed as one of the expressions, so that clothing reflects a distinctive artistic effect, or elegant, or simple and lively. Pieces are used more often to embellish parts, such as collars, cheeks, cuffs, clothing, belts, etc., and play the role of finishing touch.

In recent years, the form of hand-knitting has become more diversified, and the “mixed style” has become popular on the mix of materials. It can be said that the styles are different and each has ingenuity. For example, in summer, the hat caps are crocheted with twine, and the hats are made of burlap stitches. system. With the development of science and technology, a variety of new elements and decorations, such as ribbon embroidery, silk embroidery, beaded embroidery, sequin embroidery, rope embroidery, wool embroidery, laser silk embroidery, etc., the development and use of functional materials on hand-woven The development of the industry also played a role in boosting the economy.

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