The 7th China International Cotton Textile Conference held in Yancheng, Jiangsu from October 16th to 17th coincided with the beginning of Chinaâ€™s implementation of the â€œTwelfth Five-Year Planâ€ development plan. There is no doubt that it will be a joint venture between the domestic and foreign cotton spinning industry. Introducing the development goals and development methods of China's cotton textile industry in the next five years will be one of the major topics of this year's China International Cotton Textile Conference. This issue must also be one of the contents that the representatives of all countries in the world are extremely concerned about.
On the topics of the development focus and development model of China's cotton textile industry during the â€œTwelfth Five-Year Planâ€ period, the reporter interviewed Zhu Beina, president of the China Cotton Textile Industry Association.
Taking the road of reduction and efficiency increase After more than ten years of rapid development, the position of the world's largest country in China's cotton textile industry has become unquestionable, but we are not a cotton textile powerhouse. How to realize the goal of a textile power as quickly as possible while consolidating the status of great powers? The main line for transforming the development mode put forward in China's â€œTwelfth Five-Year Planâ€ indicates the direction of development for China's cotton textile industry, which is in the critical period of structural adjustment.
Zhu Bunana, president of the China Cotton Textile Industry Association, said that during the â€œ12th Five-Year Planâ€ period, the cotton textile industry should strive to realize the transformation of its economic development mode in line with the principle of adhering to scientific development and sustainable development.
In the next five years, China's cotton textile industry will shift from its emphasis on economic growth to paying more attention to economic restructuring and more emphasis on adjustments to economic development methods. It will promote industrial transfer, give play to regional advantages, increase resource integration and utilization capacity, and optimize regional distribution. Focusing on further enhancing international competitiveness, we will accelerate the pace of progress from textile giants to textile giants.
Reasonably arranging cotton spinning production capacity Zhu Beina said that the cotton textile industry is an important basic industry in China's textile industry. During the â€œEleventh Five-Year Planâ€ period, the cotton textile industry was driven by both technological advancement and market demand, and the scale of the industry expanded rapidly, and the level of equipment and economic benefits were effectively improved. During the â€œTwelfth Five-Year Planâ€ period, the cotton textile industry will promote industrial transfer and optimize the layout with emphasis and gradient, promote regional coordinated development, and transform the cotton textile industry from a scale-up type to a benefit-based type.
From the perspective of production scale, according to the statistics of the National Bureau of Statistics, the yarn production in 2010 was 27.17 million tons, with an average annual growth of 5%. By 2015, the yarn production will reach 3,450 tons; according to the cotton fiber inventory, 2010 yarn The output is about 21 million tons, calculated at an average annual growth of 5%. By 2015 yarn production will reach 27 million tons. According to the statistics of the National Bureau of Statistics, the output of fabrics in 2010 will be 80 billion meters, calculated at an annual growth rate of 5%. By 2015, the output of weaving fabrics will reach 100 billion meters.
Judging from the regional layout, Zhu Beina believes that it is necessary to promote the development of the central and western regions, but also to promote the coordinated development of the region and narrow the bottleneck of unbalanced development.
During the â€œTwelfth Five-Year Planâ€ period, the cotton spinning capacity should be transferred to the central and western regions with resources and labor support. Zhu Beina said that the Xinjiang Autonomous Region has taken advantage of the advantages of cotton raw materials, and the size of cotton spinning spindles is appropriate for about 7 million spindles, and the processing volume of cotton does not exceed 700,000 tons. The central regions, such as Henan, Hubei, Hebei, Jiangxi, and Hunan, took over the industrial transfer and accelerated the optimization and upgrading of stock assets. The production capacity of cotton fabrics should be closely integrated with the development of upstream spinning, downstream printing and dyeing, garments and home textile textiles, and be developed in places with advantages in weaving talent, technology, and the environment in the central and western regions. In the transfer of industries to the central and western regions, the direction of investment is mainly to improve the automation of clean-sweeping, automatic winders, spinning machines with group doffing, fine network, coarse and narrow webs, and shuttleless looms. The labor productivity of all employees is the direction, and the pace of high-tech equipment to transform traditional industries is accelerated.
To make new contributions to the national economy, Zhu Beina particularly emphasized that for the development of the upstream and downstream industries, balancing the country, accumulating funds for the country, and contributing to a large number of jobs for the country, it will remain the Chinese textile industry during the â€œ12th Five-Year Planâ€ period. The important task.
China has a large population, a huge market, and a large potential for domestic demand, which is a huge advantage for our development. Zhu Beina said that from the perspective of consumer demand, the countryâ€™s series of policies for benefiting the people will help boost the spending power of low- and middle-income groups and the rural population in the next decade. According to the data released by the China Textile Industry Association, the processing volume of textile fibers in 2010 was 41.3 million tons. Calculated based on domestic demand of more than 60%, the domestic fiber consumption was about 25 million tons. Taking into account factors such as the limited availability of cotton resources, the rapid growth of chemical fiber consumption, and the decrease in the proportion of cotton fiber consumption, the absolute value of per capita cotton fiber consumption is expected to increase year by year. During the â€œ12th Five-Year Planâ€ period, the per capita textile fiber consumption will reach 19 kg, and the consumption of cotton-type fibers will account for 51%; the per capita cotton fiber consumption will reach 12 kg.
Speaking of the goal of earning foreign exchange in the cotton spinning industry during the â€œ12th Five-Year Planâ€ period, Zhu Beina said that the export volume of cotton textile products and the export volume of textile products will continue to develop simultaneously. The foreign exchange earning of cotton textiles and garments, cotton textiles and cotton garments was targeted at an annual increase of 7.5%, 7% and 10%, reaching US$110 billion, US$32 billion and US$88 billion, respectively. Among them, the yarn export volume increased by 2% annually, the export volume of pure cotton and blended grey fabrics increased by 5% annually, and the export volume of yarn-dyed fabrics (including denim fabrics) increased by 2% annually. As the consumption of cotton products in countries around the world continues unabated, domestic consumption continues to increase. By 2015, the total amount of textiles to be exported will reach 5.5 million to 5.8 million tons.
Zhu Beina said that during the â€œTwelfth Five-Year Planâ€ period, the profitability of the cotton spinning industry will also steadily increase on the basis of the â€œEleventh Five-Year Planâ€. According to the industry's profit growth since 2000, which is growing at a rate of 27% per year, it is predicted that the average annual growth rate will be around 15% by 2015. The output value of cotton-ton-ton fiber (calculated in terms of present value) is aimed at greatly increasing labor productivity, from RMB 56,500 in 2010 to RMB 100,000 in 2015.
Sustainable development has always been "If the rapid development of China's cotton textile industry in the past 10 years is to meet the needs of domestic and foreign markets, then the next 10 years should be 10 years of transformation and efficiency increase, from the cotton spinning countries to the development of cotton spinning power. 10 years". Zhu Beina said that in order to achieve the grand goal of a cotton textile powerhouse, the Chinese cotton textile industry must slow down during the â€œ12th Five-Year Planâ€ period and pay more attention to and attach importance to sustainable development.
Zhu Beina mentioned that in order to achieve sustainable development, we must first step up personnel training. During the â€œTwelfth Five-Year Planâ€ period, while increasing the labor productivity, the cotton spinning industry should increase the proportion of middle- and high-school education among the workers, and increase the proportion of mid- and high-level management talents. In the future, it will increase the number of middle- and senior-level technical personnel to around 40,000 each year. Through self-cultivation and the training of professional colleges and universities, more than 10,000 professional and technical personnel will be added each year.
The second is to increase the level of employment. Raising labor productivity is a major trend in the future. During the â€œEleventh Five-Year Planâ€ period, the number of man-hours employed in Chinaâ€™s cotton spinning industry has been reduced by 40%. By 2015, the number of workers in all industries will have to be reduced to 60; the number of people who use a shuttleless weaving machine will reach 100. 100 people. This requires our cotton textile enterprises to improve production processes on the one hand; on the other hand, we must eliminate backward equipment and adopt new textile machinery with a high degree of automation and intelligence.
The third is to pay attention to energy saving and emission reduction work. By 2020, Chinaâ€™s government promises that the unitâ€™s GDP will fall by 40% to 45% from 2005, and will be included as a binding indicator in the mid- and long-term plans for national economic and social development. According to this goal, by 2015, the comprehensive energy consumption of key enterprises in the cotton textile industry should be reduced by about 4%, and the proportion of using PVA-containing pulp should be reduced to 10%.
The fourth is to continue to promote the construction of social responsibility. During the â€œTwelfth Five-Year Planâ€ period, the entire industry should further promote the protection of the rights and interests of laborers, increase the insurance coverage rate for â€œthree insurances and one paymentâ€ for employees; increase the use of resources, advocate the improvement of the quality of clothing for all people, and increase the average yarn cost annually. One, can reduce the use of raw materials about 260 tons; actively promote the use of non-cotton fiber, with the upstream and downstream joint development of new fiber, to assume the responsibility of providing quality products for global consumers.
Zhu Beina said that the two-year China International Cotton Textile Conference has become a grand gathering for colleagues in the cotton industry worldwide. In the past various periods, the development of China's cotton textile industry is inseparable from the background of the world economy. Both the raw material and textile markets are closely linked with many countries in the world. In the â€œ12th Five-Year Planâ€ period, we still have to The principle of harmonious development of the world textile industry, we therefore identified the theme of this session as "industry adjustment and sustainable development - the world and China." It is believed that representatives of the textile industry from various countries will use their different perspectives around this topic to interpret the future of coordinated development of the global textile industry.
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